5 Mobile Game Development Languages You Should Learn Today

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5 Mobile Game Development Languages You Should Learn Today

Every great mobile game begins with a concept, but what happens next? Many games in the Apple and Google Play stores evolved from a concept to a successful game using one of five programming languages.

Mobile game creation is a difficult endeavor, but with the right tools, it becomes lot simpler. Begin by determining which programming language best meets your goals and skills.

1. The C# Programing Language

C# (pronounced “see sharp”) is a Microsoft object-oriented programming language that was launched in 2002. It is one of the top programming languages in the world and operates on.NET (a Microsoft virtual execution system). Cappeal #’s stems from its track record of producing sturdy and long-lasting applications.

Unity, one of the most popular gaming engines in the world written entirely in C#, is proof of this. According to Unity Technologies, the Unity game engine powers 71% of all mobile games in circulation today. To differentiate yourself from the crowd, Unity enables you to develop personalized 3D games using C# scripts.

Popular unity-created smartphone games include Pokémon GO, Cuphead, Call of Duty, and Monument Valley.

Strengths

  • Because C# is a popular language with a vast community of game creators, there are many resources accessible for novices.
  • It contains a lot of documentation.
  • It is a member of the C family, hence it is related to C, C++, and Java. This shortens the learning curve for a developer coming from one of these other prominent programming languages.
  • C# is an object-oriented programming language with a high degree of abstraction.
  • C# includes a garbage collector that automatically frees memory.
  • It is a programming language that is type-safe.
  • C# is fast.

Weaknesses

  • C# is heavily reliant on the.NET platform. Without.NET, it is Windows-centric, with little support for other operating systems.
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2. The C++ Programming Language

Bjarne Stroustrup delivered the first official version of C++ in 1985. The C++ standards group published the language’s first international standard in 1998. Today, C++ has gone a long way and is one of the world’s top programming languages, not just for game production but also as a multipurpose language.

Unreal Engine is one of the world’s best mobile gaming engines. Unreal Engine, written in C++, describes itself as a “real-time 3D creative tool.” This engine, which is one of Unity’s key rivals, enables you to create 3D games. Popular games made using Unreal Engine include Fortnite, Batman: Arkham City, and Hellblade: Senua’s Sacrifice.

Strengths

  • It is a programming language with several paradigms.
  • C++ allows you to fully control a program’s behavior, such as memory management.
  • C++ is fast.
  • C++ has a large ecosystem.
  • It is a mid-level language that combines high- and low-level features. It is a high-level assembler in the sense that it allows direct access to a computer’s hardware (through the operating system).

Weaknesses

  • C++ lacks functionality seen in other programming languages, such as an integrated garbage collector.
  • It features security flaws like pointers, which may cause your software to fail or possibly serve as a backdoor for hackers.

3. The Kotlin Programming Language

JetBrains, a developer tool firm, created Kotlin, a contemporary programming language. JetBrains launched the first version of Kotlin, a programming language for developing mobile applications, in 2016. Google has always said that it supports Kotlin for Android development. This action established a link between Kotlin and Android app development.

However, Kotlin, like any decent mobile app development language, is cross-platform. Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile is a software development toolkit (SDK) for developing Android and iOS apps. This SDK offers cross-platform and native advantages. It enables you to share consistent functionality (such as networking and storage) across Android and iOS while implementing device-specific features independently.

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KorGe is the most popular Kotlin gaming engine. KorGE is a native and cross-platform game engine thanks to the KorGE Gradle plugin. For Android, it employs a Java virtual machine (JVM), native for iOS and desktops, and JavaScript for the web. The KorGE game engine mostly produces 2D games.

Strengths

  • Kotlin is a multi-paradigm programming language (object-oriented and functional).
  • According to Kotlin, compared to Java, Kotlin decreases your code by around 40%.
  • Kotlin is fast.
  • Smart casting, higher-order functions, extension functions, inherent null safety, and lambdas are all aspects of Kotlin.
  • Kotlin is widely used by mobile app developers (specifically android app developers).

Weaknesses

  • Because Kotlin is a relatively new programming language, it has a tiny developer community.

4. The Swift Programming Language

Swift is yet another contemporary programming language. Apple Inc. and other open-source contributors collaborated in its development. Swift was initially published by Apple in 2014 for IOS, IPadOS, macOS, tvOS, and watchOS app development. Swift now supports all Apple platforms as well as Linux operating systems.

Strengths

  • Swift contains a built-in memory management.
  • Swift has capabilities like custom string interpolation, JSON encoding and decoding, first-class functions, and custom transformation through efficient closure.
  • It is quick because it employs high-performance LLVM compiler technology.
  • Swift is an advanced programming language.
  • It is a language with several paradigms.

Weaknesses

  • Swift only allows IOS mobile gaming app development.
  • In comparison to other more established languages used to construct mobile gaming applications, it is a new language with a tiny community.

5. The Lua Programming Language

Lua is a popular programming language for mobile game development. It is “now the top scripting language in games,” according to Lua. The other languages on this list employ a compiler, which results in quicker performance. Lua is the only interpreted programming language on this list, hence it qualifies as a scripting language.

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World of Warcraft and Angry Birds are two of the world’s most popular games, and they were both created with Lua. Solar2D (formerly known as Corona) and Defold are two prominent Lua-based gaming engines.

Strengths

Weaknesses

  • Lua is a powerful language, but it lacks the community of the other two titans (C# and C++) on this list.

How to Choose the Best Game Development Language

Proven performance is a quality that these five languages and their respective game engines have in common. Though all these languages are great for mobile game development, they might not all be great for you.

For example, if you want to develop a mobile game for only IOS users then Swift might be your best choice. If your game will be for Android and IOS users, but it will be in 2D then Lua and Kotlin are your top contenders. However, if your game will be in 3D, C# and C++ are your best options.

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